Archive for July, 2011

Advanced Format Hard Drives

July 21st, 2011 6 comments

So as you all know I bought the 1.5TB WD drive from Scan and blogged about how to format it for your HDR T2… Well, after serveral months of working just fine in the PVR, it broke! :(

Thankfully, it was not the Humax that broke it, as I had to remove it and attach it to my Linux box, Windows PC, Apple Mac to verify that it was the drive that was the problem, and sure all reported it faulty (Linux refusing to even boot the system with it attached!)

I was gutted that all recordings had been lost, but the nightmare did not end there., where I bought it from took an age to replace the drive. I also found out they sold me an OEM drive (I was not aware) as I went on the WD support site to return and found there was no warranty on it! When I first went through Scan’s return system, they wanted me to pay the postage to return the faulty drive to them, and finally when I was ready for a replacement, they could not replace it with the same drive but offered me the WD15EARS instead.

I don’t think I will buy from again, and I recommend that you shouldn’t either. This is not the first time I’ve had poor service from them but it will certainly be the last. Buy from a reputable online retailer who knows how to deal with customer returns and service.

Well, my misfortune is your advantage, as the WD15EARS is an Advanced Format Drive – you know the new HDD type with the 4K sectors… Read more here on Wikipedia.

What is the issue with AF Drives?
Initially when AF drives were released users discovered that there were performance issues with them on certain OS platforms – mainly Windows. You can read such articles about this from lots of places, here is one. They go on to explain about 4K sectors and how to align them for Windows use.

The question, when users here buy AF drives, is whether they will perform OK in a Humax PVR… Well, now I have a chance to answer!

Opening the WD15EARS and looking at the label it says:

Advanced Format Drive. To achieve full performance:

  • Windows XP, multi partition and cloning software users – use WD Align software available on
  • Windows XP, single partition – set jumpers 7-8 prior to installation or use WD Align SW
  • All other OS configurations – drive is ready for use as is

So according to the label, using this HDD with the Humax PVR (we know it uses EXT3 filesystem) is to use it as is. We don’t need to do anything special to the drive like align the 4K sectors!

I did however, go onto the WD website to read what they say about using AF drives with Linux (EXT3), on this page. It says:

The Linux kernel has had specific support for the alternate sector sizes and offsets used by WD Advanced Format disk drives since version 2.6.31. However, distributions based on Linux 2.6.34, the latest stable version of Linux, will provide the most thorough support. Advanced Format parameters are available in the sysfs file system from this kernel version onwards. Kernel versions older than 2.6.31 will not specifically detect Advanced Format Drives, but with proper alignment the system performance will be maintained.

So it look like Linux is safe with AF drives if the kernel is v2.6.31 or later. Who knows what version Humax use for the HDR? So to be safe, I followed WD’s instructions to align the 4K sectors.

The Linux partition editor: parted, has an alignment option to ensure that Advanced Format drives are correctly configured from version 2.1:

-a alignment-type, –align alignment-type

valid alignment types are:

none Aligns to 512 byte sector boundaries.

cylinder Align partitions to cylinders.

minimal Use minimum alignment: 4KB on AF drives

optimal Use optimum alignment: 1MB boundaries

The default from parted 2.2 is to align to 1MB boundaries – optimal. Use minimal or optimal for Advanced Format drives. For example if your drive is sda:

parted -a optimal /dev/sda

will ensure that parted creates partitions on 1 MB boundaries.

So what I did was to partition the disk using the GParted Live CD as per blog instructions, cancelling the formatting of the large ‘recordings’ partition, and then used the command line parted on the GParted Live CD to format the partition ‘optimally’.

So with my WD15EARS, I created the 3 partitions needed the for the HDR, ‘onegb’, ‘restofdisk’ and ‘tengb’ using the graphics gparted (breaking out of formatting the restofdisk partition, and then opened a root terminal, and executed the parted command:

# parted -a optimal /dev/sdc
GNU Parted 2.3
Using /dev/sdc
Welcome to GNU Parted! Type 'help' to view a list of commands.

Where /dev/sdc should point to the HDD device you are working with.

Welcome to GNU Parted! Type 'help' to view a list of commands.
(parted) mkfs
WARNING: you are attempting to use parted to operate on (mkfs) a file system.
parted's file system manipulation code is not as robust as what you'll find in
dedicated, file-system-specific packages like e2fsprogs. We recommend
you use parted only to manipulate partition tables, whenever possible.
Support for performing most operations on most types of file systems
will be removed in an upcoming release.
Warning: The existing file system will be destroyed and all data on the
partition will be lost. Do you want to continue?
Yes/No? y
Partition number? 1
File system type? [ext2]?
writing per-group metadata... 92% (time left 00:00)

Repeat this for all 3 partitions. Note parted can only deal with EXT2, and the HDR need the partitions to be in EXT3. EXT2 is easily converted to EXT3 using the tune2fs command. So after the optimised format with parted, you need to run this command on all your 3 partitions:

# tune2fs -j /dev/sdc1 (onegb)
# tune2fs -j /dev/sdc2 (restofdisk)
# tune2fs -j /dev/sdc3 (tengb)

Well, I will insert this into my HDR FOX-T2 and see how it behaves…

Converting your PVR recordings to DVD

July 7th, 2011 2 comments

What is a transport stream?
When we talk of transport streams or ts files, we are talking about MPEG Transport Streams, and there are a variety of them (as defined here at the Wikipedia). ts files are often achieved from broadcast media such as digital terestrial or satellite TV, often captured by consumer devices such as your Humax PVRs or TV cards or USB sticks on your computer.

Playing TS files
Media player software such as VLC media player can play ts files directly from capture, but unfortunately, your common house hold DVD players (even ones which can play DivX or Xvid files) can not.

What is DVD Video?
DVD Video is currently the most popular consumer digital video format in the UK. It is MPEG-2 with certain resolution restrictions together varying audio formats. More info about the video and audio formats can be found at Wikipedia.

The differences between the two formats mean that we will have to somehow process one into the other. Sometimes this can be a quick and easy process, where we just need to transcode, other times we will have to longer to re-encode before creating our DVD Video disc for playback in our DVD players.

MyHumax Wiki
There is some instructions on this site in the wiki about converting ts recordings to other formats such as MPEG2. Check it out here, under Audio and Video Recordings, and more will follow.

AVS Video Converter
However, I’ve recently discovered a commercial piece of software called AVS Video Converter from AVS4YOU (Online Media Techologies) which seems to do the job seemlessly, easy, and produces perfect DVD Video discs!

You can download a trial copy from AVS4YOU, and then buy/register the product at a reduced rate this month of just £35! (Use the links and support this blog!)

You can edit your recordings to remove adverts and create fades between episodes.

Better still, not only does AVS converts your recordings to DVD Video, but also to other video formats and to multiple devices and media!

So you can use this software to convert any video formats for distribution on any media…

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